After two years of study, the University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and the International Centre for Sport Security (ICSS) have released a report on world wide sports betting and game fixing.
Soccer and cricket are the two sports most likely to be fixed. But tennis, basketball, auto racing and badminton are also targets of organized crime, the report claims. Up to $140 billion are bet illegally worldwide.
“The rapid evolution of the global sports betting market has seen an increased risk of infiltration by organised crime and money laundering,” said Chris Eaton of ICSS.
The report also says that 80% of world-wide sports betting is illegal, making it outside the scope of investigators and regulators.
Numerous soccer leagues have been hit by match-fixing scandals in recent years, and three Pakistani cricketers were jailed after conspiring to deliberately bowl no balls during a test match against England at Lord’s in 2010.
53 per cent of the illegal betting comes from Asia, while 49 per cent of the legal market is based in Europe, the report claims.
Live television have transformed the sports betting market in recent years, allowing viewers to bet on a wider range of events and gamble in real time as a match progresses.
Mohammed Hanzab, President of the ICSS, said: “The Sorbonne-ICSS Report on Sport Integrity represents a historic moment, not only for the ICSS, but in the fight to protect and preserve the integrity of sport. With reports of match-fixing and corruption now plaguing sport on a daily basis, it is time for key organisations in sport, betting and government to step forward and work together to eradicate these problems once at for all.
“I hope that this extensive and comprehensive two-year project between the ICSS and University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne will provide a clear call to action and move forward plans for the creation of a coordinated international integrity platform. This is crucial, not only to safeguard the credibility and integrity of sport, but to ensure we protect the very morals and ethics that sport was founded upon.”